I recently reached a chronological milestone, the big 4-0! I am a fortunate guy, being the recipient of an incredible surprise party with family and friends. Turning 40 has various meanings, however one aspect I was curious to review were recommended disease screening tests for men in their 5th decade of life.
The renowned John Hopkins School of Medicine has published prevention guidelines for Men 40-49 years of age. For example, all adults should have a baseline comprehensive eye exam at age 40 by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. This is because, despite the absence of any symptoms or prior history of vision problems, this is an age when indicators of reduced vision and/or poor eye health begin to become more prominent.
Blood pressure is always a hot topic, and it is recommended that blood pressure is checked at least every 2 years if your blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 mm Hg, and yearly if your systolic blood pressure reading is 120 to 139 mm Hg or your diastolic blood pressure reading is 80 to 89 mm Hg. For those with higher readings, consult with your medical doctor.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. Adults who have no symptoms and have sustained blood pressure (treated or untreated) greater than 135/80 mm Hg should be examined at least every 3 years.